A mosaic is a piece of art or image made from the assemblage of small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials. It is often used in decorative art or as interior decoration. Most mosaics are made of small, flat, roughly square, pieces of stone or glass of different colors, known as tesserae. Some, especially floor mosaics, are made of small rounded pieces of stone, and called "pebble mosaics".
Mosaics have a long history, starting in Mesopotamia in the 3rd millennium BC. Pebble mosaics were made in Tiryns in Mycenean Greece; mosaics with patterns and pictures became widespread in classical times, both in Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. Early Christian basilicas from the 4th century onwards were decorated with wall and ceiling mosaics. Mosaic art flourished in the Byzantine Empire from the 6th to the 15th centuries; that tradition was adopted by the Norman Kingdom of Sicily in the 12th century, by the eastern-influenced Republic of Venice, and among the Rus in Ukraine. Mosaic fell out of fashion in the Renaissance, though artists like Raphael continued to practise the old technique. Roman and Byzantine influence led Jewish artists to decorate 5th and 6th century synagogues in the Middle East with floor mosaics.
Mosaic was widely used on religious buildings and palaces in early Islamic art, including Islam's first great religious building, the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, and the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus. Mosaic went out of fashion in the Islamic world after the 8th century.
Modern mosaics are made by professional artists, street artists, and as a popular craft. Many materials other than traditional stone and ceramic tesserae may be employed, including shells, glass and beads.
The earliest known examples of mosaics made of different materials were found at a temple building in Abra, Mesopotamia, and are dated to the second half of 3rd millennium BC. They consist of pieces of colored stones, shells and ivory. Excavations at Susa and Chogha Zanbil show evidence of the first glazed tiles, dating from around 1500 BC. However, mosaic patterns were not used until the times of Sassanid Empire and Roman influence.
Mosaic tiles are environmentally friendly. Shell mosaics, marble mosaics, jade mosaics, etc. are all made of pure natural materials and do not contain any harmful substances during processing. In today's era of environmental protection and the pursuit of nature, mosaic tiles made from these natural materials are the most satisfying environmental protection concept for people.
Mosaic can use for a long time. Because the mosaic's main raw material is mostly natural stone, in terms of its wear resistance, it is unmatched with tile and wood flooring and other decorative materials. Because of the large gaps between each small particle of the mosaic tile, its resistance to stress formation is superior to other decorative materials. This is also a millennium that has remained unchanged from the ancient Roman era into modern life. It blooms wonderfully.
Mosaic tiles are safe. The excellent anti-slip property and abrasion resistance make the mosaic tiles widely used in bathing centers, swimming pools, kitchens, and other places where anti-slip requirements are high, and is both practical and beautiful compared to other traditional materials.
Also,the mosaic tiles are personalized. Mosaic tiles allow some fashionistas who like DIY to have more space to show their creativity. In addition, a stainless steel mosaic is no longer limited to the kitchen and bathroom space. Using it as a television background wall, a living room wall, and the decoration of a bedroom or entrance can also have extraordinary effects.
The advantages of mosaic tiles especailly as follow:
1. The mosaic can be a shower room, a living room, etc. The space is rich in shape and colorful, and it is a very good decoration.
2. Personalized decoration The most adept at changing is the mosaic, compact body, variable specifications, rich colors, and arbitrary mix.
3. Radiation protection, high temperature resistance, no water absorption. With soft colors, simple, elegant, beautiful, chemical stability, good heat and cold stability.
5, widely used: hotels, restaurants, halls, science and technology museums, theaters, television towers, kindergartens, playgrounds (Horror House) and so on.